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GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE

According to the U.N., 1 out of 3 women have experienced physical or sexual violence at some point in their lives

Violence against women can manifest itself in many ways. Well-known forms of violence against women include: Intimate Partner Abuse, Female Genital Mutilation, Child Marriage, and Honor Killings

INTIMATE PARTNER ABUSE

Intimate partner violence is the most common form of all violent crime, accounting for 15% of all violence and peaking during women's reproductive years, worldwide.

This type of abuse can take many forms, including physical, verbal, emotional, economic, and sexual abuse.

Oftentimes, women do not report intimate partner abuse due to fear or stigmatization. In most countries, less than 40% of women who experienced violence tried to get help. Of those, less than 10% went to the police.

According to the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence, nearly 20 people per minute are physically abused by an intimate partner in the United States.

1 in 5 women in the United States has been raped in their lifetime, and almost half of the victims were raped by an acquaintance.

Intimate partner violence can clearly have incredibly damaging effects on the psyche. Studies suggest that there is a relationship between intimate partner violence and depression and suicidal behavior.

This practice is rooted in gender inequality, specifically in the forceful control of the female body. In some cases it is believed that this procedure increases the faithfulness of women and protects their virginity, as temptation and sexual pleasure is removed.

An estimated 200 million women ranging between infancy and young adulthood have been subjected to FGM.

There are no health benefits to this process. However, it can cause serious short- and long-term damage in the form of infections, hemorrhaging, urinary infections, menstrual problems, tissue damage, childbirth complications, psychological issues, shock, and death.

Worldwide, almost 750 million women and girls alive today were married before their 18th birthday.

Child marriage is more common in West and Central Africa, where 4 in 10 girls were married before age 18, and approximately 1 in 7 were married or in union before age 15.

India has the highest number of child brides in the world with 1/3 of all child marriages taking place in India.

Every two seconds, another girl gets married, and 15 million girls around the world get married before they turn 18. 1 out of every 3 girls in the developing world gets married before age 18.

Child marriage often results in early pregnancy and social isolation, and increases the girl's risk of experiencing domestic violence.

HONOR KILLINGS

In patriarchal societies, the activities of women are closely monitored and the maintenance of a woman's virginity and "sexual purity" are seen as the responsibility of male relatives.

Victims of honor killings are alleged to have engaged in "sexually immoral" actions, ranging from openly conversing with men who are not related to them to having sex outside of marriage even if they are victims of sexual assault.

These crimes are under-reported, but the United Nations Population Fund estimates that as many as 5,000 women are killed annually for reasons of honor.

HUMAN TRAFFICKING

An estimated 21 million people are currently victims of human trafficking worldwide.

However, since human trafficking is a low-profile and frequently undetected crime, many victims are likely not accounted for in the estimated victim population.

People of all genders, ages, religions, sexual orientations, physical appearances, mental abilities, and/or financial statuses can become victims of human trafficking.

Human Trafficking is an estimated $150 Billion USD industry.

Worldwide, the average price for a slave is 90 dollars. This means that one Macbook Pro is the equivalent cost of 20 human beings.

Human trafficking happens all over the world, including in the United States. It is a nearly-invisible crime that occurs in cities, suburbs, and rural areas right in front of our eyes.

Human trafficking includes multiple forms of exploitation, such as: Sex Trafficking, Forced Labor, Domestic Slavery, Child Slavery, and Organ Transplants.

SEX TRAFFICKING

An estimated 21 million people are currently victims of human trafficking worldwide.

Women and girls make up 96% of sex trafficking victims but men and boys can also be the victims of sex trafficking.

Sex trafficking features a vicious cycle of exploitation

The victims of sex trafficking commonly face physical and mental abuse from both their pimps and their consumers.

Traffickers commonly find their victims at clubs, bars, schools, and on social media. People that are homeless or have run away from home are also frequently forced into sex trafficking.

Victims struggle with many more issues beyond their slavery, such as substance abuse, physical and mental abuse, pregnancy, STDs, and even death.

FORCED LABOR

The income produced by the buying and selling of humans for labor makes up about 43 billion dollars of the global income of human trafficking. That is about 29% of the estimated total.

Slave labor often occurs at some point during the production process of many popular tech, food, and clothing products.

Migrant and indigenous people are some of the most susceptible to being forced into labor.

For most major companies, raising the payment of their forced workers to an appropriate amount would only increase the company's total expenses by... 2%

DOMESTIC SLAVERY

Domestic slavery is an 8 billion-dollar industry with an estimated 52.6 million victims

Men, women, and children can all be victims of domestic slavery, with women and girls making up a large majority

The victims of domestic labor do not have employment contracts and are thus voided of any legal rights they would have as employees. These denied rights include healthcare, maternity leave, and holidays. Some victims receive food and shelter as payment for their services. In many cases, the food given to the victims is unhealthy, and the space uninhabitable.

It is common for victims not to have any documentation of citizenship, which gives their employers further opportunity to prevent them from receiving said documentation, to threaten them with deportation, and to forbid them from seeing their family.

Victims of domestic slavery work in the privacy of residential homes, making their visibility to the public very limited. In some cases, domestic slaves live inside the homes they work in and are forbidden to leave.

Due to the private nature of this crime, victims suffer large amounts of physical and mental abuse from their employers without the intervention of the public or authorities. Domestic slaves are frequently isolated with no other victims living in the house with them.

CHILD SLAVERY

Children make up a large part of all victims worldwide in sex trafficking, forced labor, and domestic services.

In many countries, the labor of children is preferred because they are less likely to ask for higher pay and are easier to manipulate than adults.

Education for these exploited children is either terminated or not considered an option, as their families' needs for money are more pressing.

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The victims of child labor are often found doing highly dangerous jobs, such as being child soldiers. In some countries, children are taken to serve in wars against their will.

ORGAN TRAFFICKING

There are an estimated 130,000 people currently waiting for organ transplants.

Organs are commonly harvested from people in poor communities in other countries and then traded to the rich in the United States.

Organ harvesters obtain organs in various ways. They occasionally offer money to the victim for an organ, but then often pay the victim less than the amount agreed upon, or remove more organs than agreed upon.

On average, victims will sell a kidney for $5,000 USD to a middleman, who will then turn around and sell that kidney for around $150,000 USD.

Many homeless people find themselves victims of organ harvesting. This covert crime also finds victims in prisons and unknowing hospital patients. In some cases, doctors illegally harvest the organs of their patients without their knowledge.

WAGE GAP

the average difference between the overall salaries of working men and women. Men are paid remarkably more than women.

Women in the U.S. who work full time are only paid 80 cents for every dollar paid to men – and for women of color, the wage gap is even larger.

Nearly 1/3 of the gap in earnings is due to the different occupations of women, and that the occupations in which women work have total lower earnings than those in which most workers are men.

While the total female average is 80 cents to the man's dollar, black mothers are paid 54 cents and Latina mothers are paid 46 cents to the dollar compared to white fathers.

Women represent almost half of the workforce, but there is a gender wage gap in 98% of occupations.

Copyright © 2016 New York Minute Magazine